The Magnolia Warbler (Setophaga magnolia) is a member of the wood warbler family Parulidae.
This species is a moderately small New World warbler. It measures 4.3 to 5.1 inches in length and spans 6.3 to 7.9 inches across the wings. The Magnolia Warbler can be distinguished by its coloration. The breeding males often have white, gray, and black backs with yellow on the sides; yellow and black-striped stomachs; white, gray, and black foreheads and beaks; distinct black tails with white stripes on the underside; and defined white patches on their wings, called wing bars. Breeding females usually have the same type of coloration as the males, except that their colors are much duller. [Wikipedia]
The Magnolia Warbler is a handsome and familiar warbler of the northern forests. Though it often forages conspicuously and close to the ground, we have relatively scant information on its nesting behavior. [All About Birds]
Magnolia Warbler Facts [All About Birds]
- The name of the species was coined in 1810 by Alexander Wilson, who collected a specimen from a magnolia tree in Mississippi. He actually used the English name “Black-and-yellow Warbler” and used “Magnolia” for the Latin species name, which became the common name over time.
- The male Magnolia Warbler has two songs. The first song, issued in courtship and around the nest, consists of three short phrases with an accented ending. The second song, possibly issued in territory defense against other males, is similar to the first but is sweeter and less accented.
- Though it has very specific habitat preferences in the breeding season, the Magnolia Warbler occupies a very broad range of habitats in winter: from sea level to 1,500 meters elevation, and most landscape types, except cleared fields.
- The oldest recorded Magnolia Warbler was a male, and at least 8 years, 11 months old when he was recaptured and re-released during banding operations in Ontario.