The White-crowned Pigeon (Patagioenas leucocephala, formerly Columba leucocephala) is a species of bird in the family Columbidae (doves and pigeons). It inhabits the northern and central Caribbean islands and some places on the North and Central American mainland.
It is around the same size as the common Rock Pigeon but weighs a bit less since it is generally less chunky and has a relatively longer tail. The adult is dark gray, with green and white bars on the nape, a brilliant white crown to the head, a white iris, and a pale-tipped red bill. Juveniles are a less dark shade of gray, lack the nape pattern and white iris, and show only a few pale feathers on the crown. [Wikipedia]
A resident of islands and coastlines in the Caribbean, the White-crowned Pigeon reaches the northern limits of its range in south Florida. It feeds almost entirely on fruits of hardwood trees. [All About Birds]
White-crowned Pigeon Facts [All About Birds]
- The White-crowned Pigeon nests and forages in two distinct habitats: islands and forests supporting fruiting trees. Daily flights between the two habitats are sometimes longer than 30 miles (50 km).
- The ground speed of the White-crowned Pigeon in flight has not been formally documented but is said to easily outpace a fast motorboat.
- The oldest recorded White-crowned Pigeon was at least 14 years, 5 months.