The Vermilion Flycatcher (Pyrocephalus obscurus) is a small passerine bird in the Tyrannidae, or Tyrant Flycatcher family. Most Flycatchers are rather drab, but the Vermilion Flycatcher is a striking exception. It is a favorite with birders but is not generally kept in aviculture, as the males tend to lose their vermilion coloration when in captivity. [Wikipedia]
A spectacular and distinctive flycatcher, the bright red Vermilion Flycatcher inhabits riparian areas and scrub in the southwestern United States and southward. It perches conspicuously, making periodic flights to nab insect prey. [All About Birds]
Vermilion Flycatcher Facts [All About Birds]
- The breeding male Vermilion Flycatcher spends about 90 percent of the day perched.
- Twelve subspecies of Vermilion Flycatcher are recognized, including a race with a dark morph that ranges from western Peru to northern Chile. Both male and female of this morph are dark all over, with some males having a few red feathers on the head, and some females having a pinkish wash under the tail. About half of the Vermilion Flycatchers in Lima, Peru are the dark morph, but the proportion decreases as one goes further southward.
- The male Vermilion Flycatcher often seeks to initiate copulation by delivering a butterfly or other showy insect to the female.
- The oldest recorded Vermilion Flycatcher was a male, and at least 4 years, 6 months old when he was shot in Mexico in 1972, the same country where he had been banded.